In Georgia, Marneuli, during archaeological works on Gadachrili Gori and Dangreuli Gori sites Neolithic age grape skin and clay wine vessel were found. Scientific research and analysis have shown that grape skins dated back VI century B.C. It belongs to European vine type of Vitis Vinifera Sativa. As to wine vessel it was Qvevri-shape clay vessel with wine traces in it. It is dated VI century B.C. It can be considered as a predecessor of a modern Qvevri. Thus, it is undisputed nowadays that the world history of wine-making began here, on the territory of Georgia.
Nowadays, approximately 530 native Georgian sorts of grapes are known. More than 425 sorts are preserved today and are kept is special nurseries. 30-35 sort of Georgian grapes are used today in wine production. Popular and wide spread Georgia grape sorts are as follows: Saperavi, Rkatsiteli, Qisi, Khikhvi, Kakhuri Mtsvane, Chinuri, Goruli Mtsvane, Tavkveri, Shavkapiro, Budeshuri Saperavi, Tsitska, Krakhuna, Otskhanuri Sapere, Tsolikauri, Chkhakveri, Usakhelauri, Alexandrouli, Ojaleshi, Aladasturi etc.
Popular Georgian Wines usually are AOC certified. Though, there are wines which do not fall behind AOC wines in their popularity, quality and dignity.
Popular Georgian AOC certified wines are the following: Tsinandali, Mukuzani, Kindzmarauli, Akhasheni, Manavi, Napareuli, Kvareli, Tvishi, Khvanchkara etc.
Popular and wide spread Georgian wines: Saperavi, Rkatsiteli, Mtsvane, Qisi, Khikhvi, Chinuri, Shavkapito, Tavkveri, Chkhaveri, Aladasturi, Ojaleshi, Alexandrouli etc.